INTERNET OPTIONS  -  ADVANCED TAB

The Advanced TAB is where the really advanced settings for Internet Explorer are kept. Under normal circumstances you should not change any of these settings. However. Here you have me to guide you through them, so that you have a better idea of which settings you can change and which settings you should not change.



Fig 7.0  The advanced settings of Internet Explorer  -  Do not touch!

Fig 7.0 shows Restored Settings, which are internet explorer's default advanced settings, accomplished by clicking on the RESTORE ADVANCED SETTINGS button.

RESTORE ADVANCED SETTINGS resets Internet Explorer's advanced settings back to their default settings (as they were when Internet Explorer was first installed).

RESET resets Internet Explorer's normal settings back to their default settings. For example. Browser History will be deleted (Temporary Internet Files sub-folder, Password files and so on), ADD-ONs and Toolbars will be disabled and certain normal (user changed) Internet Explorer settings will be reset to their default (manufacturer) settings. To use RESET you will need to close down all but one of your Internet Explorers, click on the RESET button, close down Internet Explorer and then reopen it.


Clicking on the advanced tab's RESET button (Fig 7.0 above) opens the Reset Internet Explorer Settings window (Fig 7.1 below). This gives you the option of RESETing internet explorer back to its default (manufacturer) settings, as well as an option to DELETE PERSONAL SETTINGS. To proceed with the reset tick the DELETE PERSONAL SETTINGS option, if you wish, and then click on the RESET button. Another window will then open (Fig 7.2) that takes you through the actual RESET process. There is nothing for you to do but wait for the process to finish. And when it does, click on its CLOSE button (Fig 7.3). From there click on the OK button of the message requester that appears after that (Fig 7.4) before closing down Internet Options and then Internet Explorer.



Fig 7.1  Click on RESET to reset internet explorer back to its default (manufacturer) settings




Fig 7.2  Wait for the RESET process to finish




Fig 7.3  Click on CLOSE to continue




Fig 7.4  Click on OK to continue

The advanced settings are split into seven sections. Accessibility, which caters for people with limited eyesight for example. Browsing, which deals with how Internet Explorer works with websites/webpages for example. International, which deals with Encoding and Servers (the technical coding basically). Multimedia, which deals with certain aspects of Audio/Video with regards to websites/webpages. Printing, which deals with printing webpages. Searching, which deals with internet explorer's address bar. And Security, which deals with the website/webpage and internet security in general. The explanation for each setting, below, explains a setting's default functionality first and then its changable functionality second where appropriate.

Any setting marked with an asterisk (*) will require a computer restart in order for that setting to work.

ACCESSIBILITY  SETTINGS

Accessibility settings are settings primarily for people with limited eyesight. They allow Text to be re-sized for example.




When ticked displays all of the ALTernative Text that is associated with an image. This is useful if you have switched off (unticked) the Show Pictures setting and rely on a screen reader to describe images. Note: Many programmers do not use the ALT code when programming websites.



When ticked it enables Caret Browsing (Cursor Movement browsing). Caret Browsing means you can use certain keyboard keys (HOME, END, PAGE UP, PAGE DOWN and the Arrow Keys) to roam around a webpage for example, instead of using the mouse pointer, so that you can perform Select, Copy and Paste procedures amongst other things.



If you use a screen reader you can tick this setting to move the insertion point as the focus changes. Some screen readers/magnifiers use the insertion point or system caret (flashing cursor) to determine which area of the screen to read/magnify.



If a new Window or Tab is opened internet explorer will automatically set the text size to Medium, regardless of what the current display settings are.



If the Zoom option is implemented internet explorer will automatically set the text size to Medium for the current zoom setting. The text size may seem bigger but the text will remain relative to the percentage zoomed.



If a new Window or Tab is opened internet explorer automatically sets the zoom level to 100% for that new window (or new tab), regardless of what the current zoom level is. Untick this setting if you want to apply the current zoom level to any new windows or tabs you open.

BROWSING  SETTINGS

Browsing settings are settings primarily to do with the web browser Internet Explorer, History files and Programming.




Compatibility View is aimed at website programmers, and you, for those occasions when a website/webpage is not working properly in IE8. A compatibility button may appear in IE8, depending on a webpage's coding and so on, that allows you to downgrade that webpage and display it as an IE7 webpage. In some cases displaying that webpage in compatibility view (IE7 mode) may cause it to crash, for whatever reason(s). With this internet option ticked IE8 will attempt to recover from any such crashes.



When unticked, this setting allows you to view many days of history at once. For example. You could open/view your history list for TODAY, WEDNESDAY and LAST WEEK so they are all viewable at the same time. However. If you do not want this to happen, because you prefer to have only one day's history list (i.e WEDNESDAY's history list) open/viewable at a time, make sure you tick this setting.



Do not worry too much about this setting as it is mainly for website programmers.

This setting turns off Internet Explorer's script debugger (code checking program) so that error messages are not shown when Internet Explorer encounters a script error within a webpage's code, due to that webpage using abnormal (Javascript or VBScript) coding techniques and/or badly scripted code for example.



Do not worry too much about this setting as it is mainly for website programmers.

Same as above but for other script debuggers and scripting codes (i.e Script errors other than those found in webpages).



Do not worry too much about this setting as it is mainly for website programmers.

When the Script Debugger is turned on (unticked above) this setting, when ticked, means you want to be notified about (shown) every script error. This setting, as you can see, is switched off (unticked) by default.



When ticked it means an Accelerator button will appear on a webpage whenever you highlight/select a piece of text on that webpage. An accelerator is a menu-options button that has options/services on it for your highlighted/selected text. For example. You can highlight some text (i.e. horse riding) and then click on the SEARCH WITH LIVE SEARCH menu option, which will then connect to Windows Live Search automatically and search for your highlighted/selected text (i.e. horse riding) automatically. Untick this internet option if you do not want an Accelerator button shown each time you highlight/select some text on a webpage.



When ticked IE8 will automatically try and recover from a crash that was caused by an Add-On or by a webpage displayed in a Tabbed window. This means if you have ten webpages open, with each webpage displayed in its own tabbed window, and one webpage crashes; the other nine webpages (tabbed windows) will remain working. An attempt will be made by IE8 to get the crashed webpage (tabbed window) working again.



Do not worry too much about this setting as it is mainly for website programmers.

When ticked this setting means you want to view your FTP folders with Folder View switched on, as opposed to viewing the FTP folders as filenames only.



When ticked, this setting makes Internet Explorer fade out of the page you are leaving and fade into the page you are entering. When unticked, screen readers and voice recognition programs may perform better.



When ticked this option enables the Suggested Sites service. This means that when you click on the Suggested Sites button, on the IE8 taskbar, it will search the internet for similar websites to the website you are currently viewing. If you do not want this service in use simply untick this option.



When ticked, it allows third-party browser extensions (programs) to work. Two examples of a Browser Extension are a Toolbar and a Pop-Up Blocker program. If you want to disable all third-party browser extensions simply untick this setting.



When ticked, this setting gives a webpage's Graphical User Interface (buttons, drop-down menus and so on) the Windows XP look, so the buttons will look embossed for example. And when this setting is unticked it gives a webpage's GUI the old Windows 98SE (Classic) look.



Do not worry too much about this setting as it is mainly for website programmers.

When ticked, this setting allows a webpage link to use the _search option and therefore open the search pane. For example.

< a href = " http://www.yoingco.com " target=" _search" > This will show this Yoingco website in the Search Pane < / a >



Do not worry too much about this setting.

When ticked, this setting means you want to force off-screen compositing even if you are running a Terminal Server. This will eliminate the flashing you see with the compositing normally used by Internet Explorer running under Terminal Server. However. Using this setting (ticked) can decrease the performance of Internet Explorer running under Terminal Server.



When unticked, this setting means you do not want to be informed when a file has been downloaded - Internet Explorer automatically ticks the CLOSE THIS DIALOG BOX WHEN DOWNLOAD COMPLETES option for you, on the download message (progress guage) requester, so that you are not notified when the file has finished downloading. The download message (progress guage) requester just closes.


If you want to be notified when a file has been downloaded tick this setting - Internet Explorer will automatically untick the CLOSE THIS DIALOG BOX WHEN DOWNLOAD COMPLETES option for you, so that the download message (progress guage) requester stays open when the file has finished downloading. This is your notification. In other words, you have to acknowledge the download is complete by manually closing the download message requester.



When ticked, this setting means when you click on an external webpage link (i.e from inside Outlook Express) the webpage (i.e www.google.com) from that link will open in the current Internet Explorer window instead of in a new Internet Explorer window. This only works if you already have an Internet Explorer window open and tabbed browsing is off. So if you receive an email in Outlook Express, which has a website link such as www.google.com, clicking on that link will open www.google.com in the current Internet Explorer window.



When ticked, this setting means you want to be shown the Internet Connection help/hint description as well as the error code and its name. For example. When you cannot connect to a webpage you will be shown Error 404 - The Page Cannot Be Displayed, but with this setting ticked you will also be shown a description with help/hints on how to fix the problem(s).



When ALWAYS is ticked, webpage links are always underlined. When HOVER is ticked, webpage links are not underlined - You have to hover the mouse pointer over a link before it becomes underlined. And when NEVER is ticked, webpage links are never underlined.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to automatically fill in (AutoComplete) your Web Addresses, Form Data and so on. If you want more security (i.e do not want people to know what you have previously typed) have this setting switched off (unticked).



When unticked, this setting means pressing keyboard key CTRL and then TAB will view each webpage (TABbed window) in left-to-right order. And when ticked, the order will be as you last viewed those webpages. So if you viewed webpages 2, 5 and 1 the order will be 2, 5 and 1 - Not 1, 2 and 5.



Do not worry too much about this setting as it is mainly for network programmers/engineers.

When ticked, this setting means Use PASSIVE Mode for FTP (File Transfer Protocol) which means the (your) local computer does not need to know its IP Address. Some networks will only work with this setting switched on (ticked) whereas other networks will only work with this setting switched off (unticked). Most networks can use both settings, but having Passive Mode on (ticked) is more secure.



When ticked, this setting allows a special type of scrolling to display content at a predetermined speed. When unticked, screen readers will continue to read links correctly even when the next link is off the current screen, and voice recognition programs may perform better as well. Switched on (ticked), sometimes a screen reader might read part of the next link and/or read extraneous information along with the next link.



See below.



Do not worry too much about this setting as it is mainly for network programmers/engineers.

When ticked, this setting means Use the HTTP 1.1 protocol when connecting to websites by using a Proxy Server.

INTERNATIONAL  SETTINGS

International settings are primarily to do with the encoding and sending of URLs, and Domain Names, in UTF-8 format and IDN format respectively. Basically. They translate non-english URLs (i.e http://www.arabicsymbolsplacedhere.com/) and so on so that Internet Explorer can support more languages/countries on the Internet - Rather than read books on these subjects! it is easier for the absolute beginner to just leave these settings alone by keeping them set to their default (normal) values (ticked or unticked).



Do not worry too much about this setting - Leave it set to its default (normal) setting.



Do not worry too much about this setting - Leave it set to its default (normal) setting.



Do not worry too much about this setting - Leave it set to its default (normal) setting.



Do not worry too much about this setting as it is mainly for website programmers and network programmers/engineers.

When ticked, this setting specifies whether or not to use UTF-8 for the exchange of URLs that contain characters in any language. UTF-8 is a standard that defines characters, so that they are readable in any language.



Do not worry too much about this setting - Leave it set to its default (normal) setting.



Do not worry too much about this setting - Leave it set to its default (normal) setting.

MULTIMEDIA  SETTINGS

Multimedia settings deal with webpage Graphics and Audio.




When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to use ClearType with HTML (Text) written webpages. ClearType is a technology that improves Text readability (sharpness) on Liquid Crystal Displays such as Laptop Screens, Pocket PC screens and Flat Panel Monitors. As a laptop user myself I can recommend ClearType.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to automatically re-size (auto-fit) images so that they can be viewed correctly.



When ticked, this setting means you want Animations viewable for webpages. When this setting is unticked you will not be able to see any webpage Animations at all - You can use this unticked setting in order to speed up webpage viewing, as no animation means quicker loading of webpages.



When ticked, this setting means you want Audio playable for webpages. When this setting is unticked you will not be able to hear any webpage Audio at all - You can use this unticked setting in order to speed up webpage viewing, as no audio means quicker loading of webpages.



When ticked, this setting means you want placeholders (rectangles/squares) shown where webpage graphics will go, just until the graphics have fully downloaded. This allows items in the webpage to be positioned properly even though the graphics have not fully downloaded yet.



When ticked, this setting means you want Graphics viewable for webpages. When this setting is unticked you will not be able to see any webpage Graphics at all - You can use this unticked setting in order to speed up webpage viewing, as no graphics means quicker loading of webpages.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to smooth the webpage Graphics so that their edges do not appear blocky/jagged.

PRINTING  SETTINGS




When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to print Background Colours and Graphics. This can affect the printing time and quality if your printer is not that good at handling more tasks, but can also result in a printout that has the pictures on it! - Some webpages do not always allow the printing of their webpages, due to that webpages actual layout.

SEARCH  (From The Address Bar)  SETTINGS




When selected, this setting means you do not want to use the Address Bar for normal keyword searching. So if you search for John no results will appear - You will get an error: The Page Cannot Be Displayed (http://John/).

See below - These two search settings are radio buttons which means only one setting can be applied at a time. When one is OFF (unselected) the other is ON (selected).



When selected, this setting means you want to use the Address Bar for both webpage addresses and normal keyword searching and that the search results should be displayed in the main window. So if you search for www.google.com on the address bar the Google webpage will appear in the Internet Explorer window. And if you type John into the address bar results for the John search will appear in the Internet Explorer window.

SECURITY  SETTINGS

Security settings are primarily to do with Active Content (i.e Animation, Forums, Java Applications, Streaming Media), ActiveX Controls (Windows programs that are only limited by permissions/user rights) and Digital Signatures (A method used by Internet Explorer to identify a good ActiveX Control (responsible program) from a bad ActiveX Control (irresponsible, dangerous, program) for example). Security settings also deal with Certificates, which allow you or Internet Explorer to gather information about a certain company and/or its website (it is the equivalent of a License).



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to allow active content on a CD to be allowed to run.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to allow active content to run files on your computer.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to allow software to install and/or run even if that software's Digital Signature is invalid. This means Active content will be allowed to install and run, so be careful as Active content can control your computer.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to check a software publisher's Certificate to see if it has been revoked, before accepting it has a Valid Certificate and therefore allowing ActiveX Controls to downloaded/install/run for example.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to check a website's Certificate to see if it has been revoked, before accepting it has a Valid Certificate and therefore allowing ActiveX Controls to downloaded/install/run for example.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to check a program's (i.e ActiveX Control's) Digital Signature before the program is allowed to download.



When ticked, this setting means you do not want Encrypted Data (i.e Data from secure websites such as Bank and Bookings websites) to be saved inside the Temporary Internet Files sub-folder.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to empty the Temporary Internet Files sub-folder.



When ticked this enables the DOM Storage feature of IE8. DOM Storage is basically an advanced/enhanced feature of Cookies that allows even more information to be stored than cookies. DOM Storage itself is really for the website programmer for example so just leave this option enabled (ticked).



When ticked, this setting means you want to enable Integrated Windows Authentication.



DEP (Data Execution Prevention) is a set of hardware and software technologies that help protect your system from malicious software. It works by making sure that software only runs in specific ways, blocking a technique used by hackers to install malware. In other words. DEP marks certain memory locations as non-executable memory. If a hacker manages to insert malicious/attack code into that, non-executable, memory location (with the intention of executing it) DEP has the job of stopping it from being executed.

DEP is switched off by default in IE7 and switched on by default in IE8, but faded out in both instances. If you want to switch it on you need to right click on internet explorer's icon and select RUN AS ADMINISTRATOR from the Options menu that appears. From there, make sure the option called ENABLE MEMORY PROTECTION TO HELP MITIGATE ONLINE ATTACKS is ticked.



XMLHTTP is the foundation of "AJAX." The object allows web pages to send and receive XML (or other data) via the HTTP protocol. When this setting is ticked, XMLHTTP makes it possible to create responsive web applications that do not require redownloading the entire page to display new data.



When ticked this option enables the SmartScreen Filter feature of IE8, which is basically an advanced/enhanced version of the Phishing Filter feature found in IE7. For added security just leave this option enabled (ticked).



When ticked, this setting means you want to send/receive Secure Data using the SSL2.0 (Secured Sockets Layer) protocol.



When ticked, this setting means you want to send/receive Secure Data using the SSL3.0 (Secured Sockets Layer) protocol.



When ticked, this setting means you want to send/receive Secure Data using the TLS1.0 (Transport Layer Security) protocol.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to warn you if the URL in a website's security certificate is not valid.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to warn you if you are about to leave a secure website for a non-secure website and vice versa. For example. If you log-in into a secure website (i.e Bank website), do whatever you need to do on that secure website and then log-out of that secure website a message requester will pop-up asking you if you want to leave the secure website, as you will then be entering a non-secure website.



When ticked, this setting means you want Internet Explorer to warn you when information you submit on a website's Form is sent to a different website from the website you are using to fill out the Form.